Who Is God? 

According to the Bible, God is the one Supreme Being, the Creator and Controller of the universe, who personally intervenes in human life.  

“Let us then approach God’s throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.”

Hebrews 4:16


Quick study guide to definitions, characteristics, causes, and quick steps to solutions, for real life topics, challenges and problems.

In Greek, the word for God is theos.
  • Theology is the study of God. Our theology constitutes the way we think about God and our relationship to Him. There are only two kinds of theology: that which lines up with the Word of God and that which does not. 
  • A theocracy is government by God’s direct rule over a nation or people, or His rule through His chosen representatives who were God’s spokesmen, and by judges, who were God’s chosen deliverers. 
In Hebrew, the basic word for God is El.
  • The word el is found in many words throughout the Old Testament. El raises God high, reflecting His power. 
  • El emphasizes God’s might and power ... not a violent power, but profound power. 
  • El, when combined with other words, further identifies the nature or function of God. This is a compound name. 

“The name of the Lord is a fortified tower; the righteous run to it and are safe.”

Proverbs 18:10

Names of God Containing El


“God” as Creator (Genesis 1:1) 

El Elyon

“God Most High” (Genesis 14:18–20) 

El Roi

“The God Who Sees” (Genesis 16:13) 

El Shaddai

“God Almighty” (Genesis 17:1)

El Olam

“God Everlasting” (Genesis 21:33)

In Hebrew, the Word for “Lord” Is Jehovah or Yahweh 

means “the Self-existent One”—The name Jehovah emphasizes His covenant-keeping role. 


“Lord, the Self-existent One, Yahweh”

(Genesis 2:4) 


“the Lord, my Provider” (Genesis 22:14) 


“the Lord who Heals” (Exodus 15:26) 


“the Lord my Banner” (Exodus 17:15) 


“the Lord who Sanctifies” (Exodus 31:13) 


“the Lord is Peace” (Judges 6:23–24) 


“the Lord of Hosts” (1 Samuel 1:3) 


“the Lord my Shepherd” (Psalm 23:1) 


“the Lord our Righteousness” (Jeremiah 23:6) 


“the Lord is There” (Ezekiel 48:35)




Do you or do you know someone who has additional questions or requires help?

If so, please choose Women of Faith's other resources on this and other relevant topics (Quick Reference Guide, Keys for Living Books and e-Books).

Grace Filled Words:

“Did you receive the Spirit by observing the law, or by believing what you heard? Are you so foolish? After beginning with the Spirit, are you now trying to attain your goal by human effort?”

Galatians 3:2-3

“I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like me. I make known the end from the beginning, from ancient times, what is still to come. I say, ‘My purpose will stand, and I will do all that I please.’ From the east I summon a bird of prey; from a far-off land, a man to fulfill my purpose. What I have said, that I will bring about; what I have planned, that I will do.”

Isaiah 46:9–11

Additional Scriptures: 

Galatians 3:11

Proverbs 16:2

Romans 10:3-4

John chapter 14 

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